John Hughes — Web development and other interesting things

Create Linux packages from source with CheckInstall

If you have used Linux, or its cousin BSD, for a while, you might have tried installing something from source. It’s pretty easy. Typically, you download a compressed archive, extract it, cd into the directory and type the following into your terminal:

sudo make install

And that’s it: you’ve compiled some software from source and installed it on your computer. You’re a proper Linux user now. The problem comes when you want to remove it. Some packages will provide a convenient make uninstall command, but then again they might not and you could very well be stuck hunting down all the files yourself and removing them one by one.

But there is a better way. Instead of running make install, Debian-based distributions provide a little program called CheckInstall, which assembles a .deb package from the source first and then installs it with the usual package management tools. Now our terminal input looks like this:

sudo checkinstall

The effect is the same: the software is installed. But now you can use your regular package management tools, such as dpkg or apt, to remove it again later:

dpkg -r foo

Interestingly, CheckInstall can also produce .rpm packages, so this should work on Fedora-based distributions as well.

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